One of only two coins designed by America's most acclaimed sculptor, Augustus Saint-Gaudens. In 1905 at the request of Teddy Roosevelt, master sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens was asked to create an entirely new look for U.S. gold coins. Specifically, the President asked for coins to be created in the ancient Greek tradition with fresh, new designs.
The $10 Indian Head's obverse features the head of Liberty, wearing an Indian war bonnet that reads 'LIBERTY'. Thirteen stars representing the nation's thirteen original colonies arc above Liberty's head. The date appears at the bottom of the coin.
The reverse depicts a proud Bald Eagle puffing its chest as it stands among olive branches. The Latin phrase 'E PLURIBUS UNUM' lies to the viewer's right of the eagle. The words 'UNITED STATES OF AMERICA' and the denomination ('TEN DOLLARS') appear at the top and bottom of the coin, respectively. The motto 'IN GOD WE TRUST' was added to the coin in the middle of 1908 by order of Congress.
The first eagles struck had no motto "IN GOD WE TRUST" as did the later issues starting in 1908. President Theodore Roosevelt personally objected to the use of the Diety's name on coins. The motto was restored to the coins by an Act of Congress in 1908.
The edge of the coin features raised stars signifying the states of the Union, rather than a lettered or reeded edge. Coins struck from 1907 to 1911 feature 46 stars. Two more stars were added the following year to commemorate the addition of New Mexico and Arizona to the Union.
$10 Indian Eagles
Obverse Designer: Augustus Saint Gaudens
Reverse Designer: Augustus Saint Gaudens
Composition: 90% Gold, 10% Copper
Weight: 16.70 grams
Diameter: 26.80 millimeters
Edge: Raised Stars - Edge 1907-1911: 46 raised stars; 1912-1933; 48 raised stars
Mints: Philadelphia, Denver, and San Francisco
Four different design variations
Type 1, Wire Edge (1907)
Type 2, Rolled Edge (1907)
Type 3, No Motto (1907-1908)
Type 4, With Motto (1908-1933)
$10 Indian Head Gold Eagle Interest: 1933 $10 Indian Head Gold Eagle in certified mint state could be worth $600,000.