The Saint Gauden's coin was designed by the sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens, although his creation outlived him, and he did not get to see his gold coins in circulation. These were also the last circulation and production gold coins made by the US.
President Theodore Roosevelt deeply unsatisfied with the appeal and design of U.S. coins commenced collaborating with Saint-Gaudens on the coin in 1906. Roosevelt wanted his currency to be even more symbolic and powerful, returning to the days of the Greeks and the beautiful coinage they had. Roosevelt decided on the high relief Saint-Gaudens double eagle, which boasted amazingly high devices over the fields.
The front of the coin features a walking Lady Liberty, tall and powerful, moving forward. The back side depicts a flying, soaring eagle, moving through the air. It is a very stunning design, particularly in the initial high relief coins.
Because of their high reliefs, the coins couldn't be neatly stacked, and making them was cumbersome, costly and time-consuming, once again thanks to the high reliefs. They were consequently flattened out into a more typical height and shape, and a flat relief. The reworking was undertaken by Charles Barber. A year later, in 1908, the Barber Saint-Gaudens coins replaced the original high relief versions.
Even though Congress required that all coinage include the words "In God we Trust", Teddy Roosevelt opted to get around this on his new double eagle. This is due to the fact that he did not want the worlds of god and religion to be intermingling with that of money, and the gambling, greed and business that goes hand in hand with it. However in 1908 he was overruled by Congress, and the new Saint-Gaudens coin, began to be produced with the motto as with all other United States coinage.
$20 Saint-Gaudens Double Eagles:
Designer: Augustus Saint Gaudens
Composition: 90% Gold, 10% Copper
Diameter: 34 mm
Edge: Lettered "E PLURIBUS UNUM with words divided by stars"
Mints: Philadelphia, Denver, San Francisco
Four different design variations
Ultra High Relief (1907)
Type 1, High Relief (1907)
Type 2, No Motto (1907-1908)
Type 3, With Motto (1908-1933)
$20 Saint-Gaudens Interest:
$20 Saint-Gaudens Double Eagles Interest: 1927-D $20 Saint-Gaudens Double Eagle in certified mint state condition could be worth as much as $1,200,000.