FACTS, RISKS AND POLICIES COLLECTORS
AND INVESTORS SHOULD KNOW
AUTHENTICITY RISKS: Forgery and counterfeiting are risks associated with the purchase of any type of collectable. To minimize these risks, it is recommended that investors only buy coins certified by one of the leading independent coin grading services. With the exception of certain uncertified circulated coins, each coin sold by Numismatic Professionals, LLC has been graded by either the Professional Coin Grading Service ("PCGS") or by Numismatic Guaranty Corporation ("NGC"). Each of these coin grading services is recognized within the coin grading industry for its superior expertise, and each guarantees unequivocally that coins certified by it are authentic. Numismatic Professionals, LLC relies upon those guarantees in selling coins, and does not independently verify whether certified coins are authentic. Accordingly, Numismatic Professionals, LLC expressly disclaims any express or implied warranties otherwise attaching to the coins, including that the coins are merchantable.
VOLATILITY: The coin market is subject to substantial fluctuations including significant and rapid increases and decreases in value from time to time. Investors must be able to assume the risk of such price fluctuations.
INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE: During the period in which relatively accurate statistics have been maintained, many rare coins have shown an excellent record as long-term appreciating assets. Numismatic Professionals, LLC believes that rare coins are excellent long-term (10-15+ year) investments, but the future is never certain. The past performance of coins is a guide, not a prediction, of future events. Numismatic Professionals, LLC is always prepared to assist you in selecting coins for your portfolio or collection. You understand, however, that the decision to purchase coins, and which coins to purchase, is ultimately yours alone.
UNREGULATED STATE OF THE RARE COIN MARKET: The coin market is not subject to some of the forms of governmental regulation applicable to other forms of investment. Conversely, there can be no assurance that, in the future, regulations which materially affect the coin market will not be imposed. At present, there are no restrictions on the ownership of rare coins, and rare coin ownership offers certain tax and privacy advantages. However, there is no guarantee that, in the future, these benefits will not be restricted or totally removed by government regulation. There is no guarantee that the existing electronic coin exchange, which has brought certain benefits to the rare coin market including increased liquidity, may not limit or suspend its operations, which could be disruptive to the rare coin market.
ECONOMIC FORCES: The success of an investment in rare coins is dependent, at least in part, upon extrinsic economic forces including supply, demand, international monetary conditions and inflation or the expectation of inflation. The impact of these forces on the value of coins cannot be predicted with any certainty. No assurance can be given that an investor will be able to sell his or her coins at a price greater than or equal to their acquisition cost. Rare coins are not suitable investments for investors seeking current income.
DIVERSIFICATION: We recommend that rare coins and bullion be part of a diversified investment portfolio. We believe that coins and bullion are appropriate for 15% to 25% of a portfolio. (If you choose to invest more than this recommended amount, you should first consult your independent financial advisor before proceeding with your acquisitions.) Other individuals, analysts and or organizations may recommend a different percentage.
HOLDING PERIOD: If you are purchasing coins, bullion or rare currency for investment purposes, they should be considered a long-term investment. We believe that rare coins and currency should be held for at least 3 to 5 years and, preferably, 5 to 10 years to maximize your potential for gains. Any specific holding period may be affected by current market conditions which may require a longer or shorter holding period.
IRA ACCOUNTS: Numismatic Professionals, LLC may refer clients to companies that provide trustee and custodian services for Individual Retirement Accounts ("IRA"). Numismatic Professionals, LLC is independent from and not affiliated with any of these IRA companies. The client is responsible for independently selecting the IRA Company suitable for the client. Numismatic Professionals, LLC does not share or assume responsibility for any loss or damage resulting from a client's relationship with the IRA Company. Only certain coins may be held in a precious metals IRA. Many clients choose to purchase proof U.S. coins for their IRAs. You should know that proof coins carry numismatic or rare coin spreads. See "Our Prices" section for more details. Tax laws are complex and may change at any time. You should consult with your tax advisor about whether including precious metals in your IRA is right for you.
LIQUIDATION/BUY-BACK POLICY: When you decide to sell your coins or currency, we appreciate the opportunity to purchase them at our current bid/buy price. Although you are free to sell to other coin dealers by private treaty or at auction through one of the many rare coin auction houses, we believe that you will receive a higher net amount by selling to us because we are familiar with the quality and marketability of the items we sell, and do not charge any additional fees or commissions other than the 1% to 10% liquidation fee when making such purchases. Depending upon market conditions and your original purchase price, you may receive less than what you paid for the coins and currency.
The law prohibits us from guaranteeing to repurchase the coins we sell, although we have always made buy-sell markets in bullion and rare coins we offer. Therefore, our buy-back policy is not a guarantee and is subject to change without notice. On bullion, semi-numismatic and rare coins and rare currency, it is our policy to offer to repurchase coins sold by us at the then current bid/buy price. A lower bid price is generally offered for products not originally sold by Numismatic Professionals, LLC. While our company is not obligated to do so, we continue to make a market for the coins we sell, have historically done so, and intend to continue to do so in the future.
Please see the section entitled "Liquidity" for more information regarding the sale of precious metals, rare coins and rare currency.
DELIVERY: All packages shipped to our clients are insured (shipments of less than $1,000 are self-insured by Numismatic Professionals, LLC). Your acquisitions will be delivered within 28 days of payment of good funds (unless your State requires a different delivery period). If a shipment is lost or damaged, at Numismatic Professionals, LLC's option, we will either replace the items or refund your purchase price. Please inspect the shipment thoroughly upon receipt to ensure you have received your order and that the items track the description on your delivery invoice. Any variance from your order must be reported within (5) days of receipt of your shipment and you must have all original packing materials intact.
STORAGE: Numismatic Professionals stores client holdings in a depository of its choice and may change depositories without prior notice. Numismatic Professionals, LLC may co-mingle your holdings with those of other clients and acknowledges that you own a specific, but undivided interest in such holdings to the extent of the quantity and type you have purchased. A fee is charged for storage. Details and limitations can be found in Numismatic Professionals, LLC's Account and Storage Agreement.
CREDIT CARD PURCHASES: Numismatic Professionals accepts payment by credit cards for some products as a convenience to its clients. However, we do not recommend that you go into credit card debt to make a purchase with Numismatic Professionals, LLC.
RISK: All investments involve risk - coins, currency and bullion are no exception. The precious metals, rare coin and rare currency markets are speculative, unregulated and volatile and prices for these items may rise or fall over time. Numismatic Professionals, LLC does not guarantee that any client buying for investment purposes will be able to sell for a profit in the future.
The value of a bullion coin (e.g., Canadian Maple Leaf or South African Krugerrand gold coin) is largely determined by the current spot or market price of bullion. This price fluctuates throughout the trading day.
The value of a numismatic or rare coin is determined by multiple factors which can and do fluctuate independently from bullion prices. These factors include: the perceived scarcity of the coin, its quality, current demand, market sentiment, and economic factors.
Bullion, rare coins and rare currency can go down as well as up in value. These items may not be suitable for everyone. Numismatic Professionals, LLC does not determine the suitability of any specific person to purchase rare coins, bullion or rare currency. You should consult with your independent financial advisor regarding whether an investment in rare coins, bullion or rare currency is right for you. You should not acquire any products from Numismatic Professionals, LLC if you are not competent or qualified to make your own financial decisions. You should obtain a thorough understanding of the coin and bullion products before you acquire these products as a collector or investor.
The investment value of a rare coin depends in large part on the price you pay. If you are acquiring any of Numismatic Professionals, LLC's products as an investment, you should evaluate its current market value, potential for appreciation and liquidity and consult independent sources regarding these factors.
Since rare coins, bullion and rare currency can decline in value, you should have adequate cash reserves and disposable income before considering acquiring a coin, currency or precious metals.
We do not recommend early withdrawal from accounts or securities which may result in substantial penalties or fees. You should consult with your independent financial advisor before disposing of any security, annuity, Certificate of Deposit or other investment to acquire rare coins, currency or bullion.
Numismatic Professionals, LLC is not responsible for any changes in tax laws or other statutes which may affect any profit or salability of your coins or currency.
OUR PRICES: Our prices are set internally based upon our analysis of a variety of factors and are not necessarily tied to the prices quoted by any other organization. The prices charged by Numismatic Professionals, LLC for coins are subject to change based on market conditions. Our total profit before operating expenses may be more or less than our spread based on various factors including, but not limited to: quantity purchasing, favorable or unfavorable purchases, and positive and negative market conditions. Numismatic Professionals, LLC acts as a principal, not as a broker, and generally owns the coins and precious metals it buys and sells.
There is a price differential or "spread" between our selling price (the "ask" price) and our buy-back price (the "bid" price). This is often referred to as a "transaction cost."
A typical spread on our most common bullion coins (e.g. Canadian Maple Leaf or South African Krugerrand gold coins) may range from approximately 4% to 15% above the intrinsic price of gold depending on the gold coin series. Our buy/sell spreads may increase dramatically based upon market conditions, availability and demand. Our spread (the prices we buy and sell coins) on semi-numismatic coins, and rare currency currently ranges from 10% to 95%. Examples of coins which have a 30% to 35% spread include European gold coins such as the Swiss 20 Franc, British sovereigns and NGC/PCGS certified "First Strike" coins.
Rare U.S. Coins which have been encapsulated by a grading service such as PCGS or NGC and or certified also CAC can have spreads between 5% and 95%.Spreads may change based upon market conditions, availability and demand. Rare Ancient and World coins can have spreads of 20% to 500% depending on rarity, and market conditions. Often we find Ancient and World Coins ungraded and in large lots or collections. Depending on how the coins grades the margin of profit can be substantial. Many of these coins are one of a kind coins that could possibly bring even more than our asking prices at public auction.
To earn a profit upon resale to us, your coins, currency or bullion must appreciate sufficiently to overcome this price differential.
To illustrate how this spread works, consider the following example. If the spread on a coin is 35% and Numismatic Professionals, LLC's ask/sell price is $500 for the coin, then Numismatic Professionals, LLC's bid/buy price is $325. Your coin must appreciate more than $175 to earn a profit. If you choose to sell your coin back to Numismatic Professionals, LLC, you must also pay a 1% liquidation fee (the minimum liquidation fee is $15). Purchases of less than $1,500 are subject to a small lot fee of $15.
Depending on the type, rarity and quality of the coin sold. The spread on coins of significant rarity sold by Numismatic Professionals, LLC can be substantially higher. Therefore, rare coins should be considered to be long-term investments with a holding period of at least five (5) to ten (10) years. However, there is no guarantee that the holding of a coin, for any period, will result in appreciation.
BULLION PURCHASES: Bullion, including bars, rounds and coins, may only be acquired with bank wire, cashier's check or personal checks (dollar limits may apply to certain payment options). Numismatic Professionals, LLC will only provide a firm price for your purchase upon receipt and verification of funds and receipt of a signed Account and Storage Agreement. Prior to confirmation of your purchase, a Numismatic Professionals, LLC representative may discuss other products which carry a higher spread such as the European gold francs or Morgan and Peace silver dollars. See "Our Prices" for more information on the spreads for different products.
EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS: Numismatic Professionals, LLC does not recommend exchanging rare coins and/or currency (trading one coin or currency for another) unless you fully understand the costs involved in the buy and the sell transactions. Among other things you should consider the spread for each item involved in any exchange transaction since you must overcome both spreads before you make a profit. We believe no one can tell with certainty that one product is going to outperform another. You should independently decide whether this type of transaction is appropriate for you.
REFUND POLICY: For your protection and convenience, Numismatic Professionals, LLC provides clients with the right to a refund on their first transaction for coins and currency without any reason whatsoever (this refund policy does not apply to bullion purchases.) To receive a refund, the client must notify Numismatic Professionals, LLC of his or her cancellation of their first transaction within seven (7) calendar days from the date the written trade confirmation is mailed to the customer (based upon the postmark) or delivered to a third-party carrier such as FedEx. Notice must be in writing via U.S. Mail, facsimile, or email and sent no later than the last day of the refund period as determined by the post-mark if mailed, date of fax transmission if faxed, or date of email as set forth in the email header. All other transactions are final upon taped confirmation by a Numismatic Professionals, LLC representative and are not subject to cancellation. (Your State may have additional refund and cancellation rules which supersede Numismatic Professionals, LLC's refund policy, above; please consult Numismatic Professionals, LLC's Account and Storage Agreement as well as the terms and conditions set forth on the back of your trade confirmation for specific rules which may apply to your purchase.)
If you do not pay for your order and do not have a right to cancel, Numismatic Professionals, LLC may at its option liquidate a portion of your stored holdings and apply the proceeds to your unpaid order in accordance with Numismatic Professionals, LLC's Account and Storage Agreement. In addition, Numismatic Professionals, LLC may place your account in bad standing which means Numismatic Professionals, LLC may not repurchase your coins or currency.
ACCOUNT EXECUTIVES: The Account Executives at Numismatic Professionals, LLC are generally commissioned salespersons. Their commissions are greatest on rare coins and semi-numismatic coins and the least on bullion related products. Their work experience, knowledge, background, and training vary widely. They and/or Numismatic Professionals, LLC may receive, from time to time, undisclosed compensation for recommending specific coin or currency products (including but not limited to contests, cooperative advertising, and trading profits in coins that they may own and/or sell). Numismatic Professionals, LLC's employees are not licensed as investment advisors and are not authorized to recommend the purchase or sale of any product or investment other than the products specifically sold by Numismatic Professionals, LLC. Check with a licensed professional with expertise in a particular market before making a decision to buy or sell any security, bond, annuity or financial instrument. Further, Account Executives are not tax advisors and may not provide any advice regarding taxability, tax rates or related issues for any product Numismatic Professionals, LLC sells. You should consult with your tax advisor regarding any questions about the tax implications of buying or selling bullion, rare coins or rare currency.
LIQUIDITY: Of the products that we buy and sell, bullion and bullion coins generally are more liquid than semi-numismatic coins, and semi-numismatic coins are more liquid than numismatic/rare coins. Numismatic Professionals, LLC may not provide a "bid" or "buy-back" price on some collectible coins. Sometimes, because of its market influence, when Numismatic Professionals, LLC stops recommending an individual semi-numismatic or numismatic coin, its price may drop.
GRADING RISKS: The value of a coin is highly dependent upon the condition or "grade" of that coin. Since grading is a subjective process, there is risk in acquiring coins whose grades have not been independently certified by one of the leading independent coin grading services. The possibility exists that a coin could be misgraded by one of the independent grading services, and it is possible for such services to assign a different grade to the same coin upon resubmission. The guarantees provided by such services provide protection against misgrading, given the continuing solvency of the services. Numismatic Professionals, LLC will not and can not be responsible for any of the services' guarantees or for subsequent changes in their policies and expressly disclaims any express or implied warranties associated with the grades assigned by PCGS and NGC.
Numismatic Professionals, LLC uses the numerical Mint State (MS) grading system which rates uncirculated rare currency and uncirculated coins from MS-60 to MS-70. When selling Ancient Rare Coins we use the non numerical system employed by the independent grading service Numismatic Guarantee Corporation (NGC).
Typically, the higher the grade, the more a coin or currency is worth. The grade assigned to a coin reflects its strike, luster, marks, scratches, and overall eye appeal. Grading is a subjective art and subject to the opinion of the person grading the coin or currency. Thus, grading can and does vary from rare coin firm to rare coin firm, from grading service to grading service, and from expert to expert. A difference of one grade (e.g., MS64 to MS65) can result in a significant change in the valuation of a rare coin or currency. Grading standards may continue to change, becoming more or less stringent. Grades and descriptions of rare coins and currency are opinions, not statements of fact or guarantees, and are based on standards and interpretations that can and do change over time.
When you acquire a coin or currency from Numismatic Professionals, LLC that is independently graded by a third party grading service, such as Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS) or Numismatic Guaranty Corporation (NGC) for coins and Currency Grading & Certification Incorporated (CGC), Paper Money Guaranty (PMG) or PCGS Currency for rare currency, please note that Numismatic Professionals, LLC relies entirely on the expertise/determination of the grading service.
In addition, we rely upon definitions provided by these independent grading services, including definitions of such terms as PCGS' "First Strike" which refers to coins packaged and delivered by the U.S. Mint in the 30 day period following the initial sales date of a new product. We do not re-grade or independently evaluate the product's grade in its sealed holder, although from time to time Numismatic Professionals, LLC does remove products from their sealed holder and re-submits them to the grading services. Numismatic Professionals, LLC reserves the right to deliver independently graded coins that have been graded by an independent grading service of Numismatic Professionals, LLC's choice, such as PCGS or NGC. Numismatic Professionals, LLC guarantees that the rare coins and other items it sells are genuine. Numismatic Professionals, LLC expressly disclaims any other warranties with respect to coins or other items, express or implied, including the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
GROWTH PROJECTIONS: Numismatic Professionals, LLC may advise clients about forecasts made by members of our staff or third parties regarding the future prices of precious metals or the products sold by Numismatic Professionals, LLC. In making those projections, Numismatic Professionals, LLC's staff members will normally consider the following factors:
- Past performance: While past performance is a useful guide, it is not a guarantee of future results. We frequently assume that if rare coins or bullion made gains under certain economic conditions in the past, they have the potential to appreciate when similar conditions exist in the future.
- Economic forecasts: It is impossible to predict future price trends or economic conditions. However, we apply research, common sense, and logic in an effort to forecast future trends. We believe these trends are a useful guide in evaluating the future potential for rare coins and bullion.
- Supply and demand: We believe that fundamental market forces will generally prevail. Therefore, we take into consideration changing supply and demand factors and our expectation of future trends of supply and demand.
There is no assurance that our growth projections will be achieved and it is also possible for prices to decline. We do not guarantee our forecasts or projections, but we strive to provide you with analysis that we believe is well thought out and sincerely reflects our opinion.
You should also know that different market factors may influence the value of a specific coin or currency. For example, the value of a numismatic coin may be affected by such factors as grade, scarcity and demand in the marketplace while the value of a bullion coin is closely tied to the spot market for that coin. Past performance and growth projections for a specific coin or type of coin (or currency) may not apply to other types of coins that Numismatic Professionals, LLC may offer.
FOR YOUR PROTECTION: Telephone calls may be monitored and/or recorded in an effort to assure quality control and policy compliance.
Your privacy is important to us. If at any time you no longer wish to be contacted by a Numismatic Professionals, LLC representative, please call or write to us and ask to be placed on our Do Not Call list.
If at any time you receive information that is inconsistent or contrary to the information contained in this booklet or Numismatic Professionals, LLC's Account and Storage Agreement, you should immediately contact Numismatic Professionals, LLC's Director of Business Affairs 1-561-750-1716. Please do not proceed with any transaction until your questions or concerns have been fully answered.
Please make all payments payable to Numismatic Professionals, LLC. Please do not send cash. Your payment options are: Bank wire, cashier's check, personal check and credit card. Please no money orders or Traveler's Checks.
All metal/coins/currency must be sent U.S. Postal Service (registered insured, return receipt requested) to Numismatic Professionals, LLC, 925 South Federal Highway Suite 500, Boca Raton Florida 33432. Check with your Account Executive for special packaging and address requirements.
Please promptly notify us in writing if you change your address or want to change your account title and include a signature guarantee or notarized letter plus a copy of your driver's license or a utility bill. Be sure to include your account number and sign all correspondence.
This risk/disclosure on our website and the back of our sales invoices change periodically it is the responsibility of the client to keep up to date by either requesting a copy or by checking our website at www.Numismatic Professionals.com.
SUMMARY: We strongly recommend that you acquire a sound understanding of precious metals, coins, and their markets before you make your first purchase. Be prepared to invest some time and effort into understanding the market and the grading of your coins or currency. Do not commit more than 15% to 25% of your investment funds to rare coins or precious metals. Protect your future with a diversified portfolio that meets your objectives for safety, liquidity, and growth. Be prepared to hold your coin, bullion and currency investments for a minimum of 3 to 5 years, recognizing that all markets have their ups and downs. Perform your due diligence and let reason and common sense be your guide.
ARBITRATION: Any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to transactions between you and Numismatic Professionals, LLC shall be settled by arbitration in accordance with the Commercial Arbitration Rules of the American Arbitration Association conducted in Boca Raton, Florida. Judgment upon the award rendered by the Arbitrator may be entered in any court having jurisdiction thereof.